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Search by Distribution

PLEASE NOTE: APNI records in IPNI do not include distribution information. You may find more detailed information including maps at the APNI site. IK and Gray Card records used different standards for recording distributions. Please see below for detailed information on how to search for names from a particular country

This search will work best for names published in more recent years. Prior to that, information about distribution was not always included or has not always been standardised or correctly parsed out of the system. In addition, IPNI only records the distribution of new taxa as given at the time of publication. Subsequent extensions or contractions of a taxon's range have not been recorded. The results of a distribution search should therefore be considered only as a rough guide.

IK records entered after 2003 used the TDWG standard World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions. This scheme allows hierarchichal searching - for instance, new taxa recorded in 'Kenya' will also be retrieved if you search on 'Africa' or 'East Tropical Africa'. Please note that some countries are split over a number of TDWG areas so that searching for the United States only includes the mainland United States; to also search for taxa occurring in Alaska or Hawaii, these terms would have to be searched for separately.

Gray Card records entered after 1992 used Harvard's own standards for recording distributions. For New World distributions (North and South America) distributions have been recorded where possible down to the state or county level. These are also hierarchical so taxa recorded in 'Ohio' will also be retrieved if you search on the United States or North America.

To search on a number of countries or terms simultaneously, use either a comma delimited list or a boolean query where the terms are delimited by '|' (See the example boolean searches for more information on boolean searches).

Table of ISO countries and their equivalent search terms

ISO CodeISO Country nameTDWG search term(s)Gray Cards search terms
AFAfghanistanAfghanistanAfghanistan
ALAlbaniaAlbania Albania
DZAlgeriaAlgeria Algeria
ASAmerican SamoaAmerican Samoa, Swains I.American Samoa
ADAndorraAndorraAndorra
AOAngolaAngola, CabindaAngola
AIAnguillaAnguillaAnguila
AQAntarcticaAntarctica Antarctica
AGAntigua And BarbudaAntigua-BarbudaAntigua And Barbuda
ARArgentinaArgentinaArgentina
AMArmeniaArmeniaArmenia
AWArubaAruba Aruba
AUAustraliaAustralia, Macquarie Is.Australia
ATAustriaAustria Austria
AZAzerbaijanAzerbaijan, Nagorno Karabakh, NakhichevanAzerbaijan
BSBahamasBahamas Bahamas
BHBahrainBahrainBahrain
BDBangladeshBangladesh Bangladesh
BBBarbadosBarbados Barbados
BYBelarusBelarusBelarus
BEBelgiumBelgium Belgium
BZBelizeBelizeBelize
BJBeninBeninBenin (Dahomey)
BMBermudaBermuda Bermuda
BTBhutanBhutan Bhutan
BOBoliviaBolivia Bolivia
BABosnia And HerzegovinaBosnia-Herzegovina Bosnia And Herzegovina
BWBotswanaBotswanaBotswana
BVBouvet IslandBouvet I.  
BRBrazilBrazilBrazil
IOBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryChagos Archipelago  
BNBrunei DarussalamBrunei Brunei
BGBulgariaBulgariaBulgaria
BFBurkina FasoBurkina Burkina Faso
BIBurundiBurundiBurundi
KHCambodiaCambodiaCambodia
CMCameroon Cameroon Cameroon
CACanada Canada , Northwest Territories , Nunavut , Yukon Canada
CVCape VerdeCape VerdeCape Verde
KYCayman IslandsCayman Is. Cayman Islands
CFCentral African RepublicCentral African Republic Central African Republic
TDChadChadChad
CLChileChile, Easter Is., Desventurados Is., Juan Fernández Is. Chile
CNChinaChinaChina
CXChristmas IslandChristmas I.  
CCCocos (Keeling) IslandsCocos (Keeling) Is. 
COColombiaColombia, Colombian Caribbean Is., Malpelo I., Cocos I.Colombia
KMComorosComorosComoros
CDCongo, Democratic Republic Of (Was Zaire)Zaïre Congo (Zaire), Democratic Republic Of The
CGCongo, People's Republic OfCongoCongo
CKCook IslandsCook Is. , Manihiki Is. Cook Islands
CRCosta RicaCosta RicaCosta Rica
CICote D'ivoireIvory CoastIvory Coast
HRCroatia (Local Name: Hrvatska)Croatia Croatia
CUCubaCubaCuba
CYCyprusCyprus Cyprus
CZCzech RepublicCzech Republic (see also Czechoslovakia) Czech Republic
DKDenmarkDenmark Denmark
DJDjiboutiDjiboutiDjibouti
DMDominicaDominica Dominica
DODominican RepublicDominican RepublicDominican Republic
TLEast TimorEast Timor Timor Leste
ECEcuadorEcuador , Galápagos Ecuador
EGEgyptEgypt , SinaiEgypt
SVEl SalvadorEl Salvador El Salvador
GQEquatorial GuineaEquatorial Guinea, Annobón, BiokoEquatorial Guinea
EREritreaEritrea Eritrea
EEEstoniaEstonia Estonia
ETEthiopiaEthiopiaEthiopia
FKFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Falkland Is. Falkland Islands
FOFaroe IslandsFøroyar  
FJFijiFijiFiji
FIFinlandFinland Finland
FRFranceCorse  
FXFrance, MetropolitanFranceFrance
GFFrench GuianaFrench GuianaFrench Guiana
PFFrench PolynesiaMarquesas, Society Is., Tuamotu, Tubuai Is. , Clipperton I. French Polynesia
TFFrench Southern TerritoriesAmsterdam-St.Paul Is. , Crozet Is., Kerguelen  
GAGabonGabonGabon
GMGambiaGambia, The Gambia
GEGeorgiaAbkhaziya, Adzhariya, GruziyaGeorgia
DEGermanyGermany Germany
GHGhanaGhanaGhana
GIGibraltar  
GRGreeceEast Aegean Is., Greece, Kriti Greece
GLGreenlandGreenland Greenland
GDGrenadaGrenada Grenada
GPGuadeloupeGuadeloupe, St.Martin-St.Barthélémy 
GUGuamGuam Guam
GTGuatemalaGuatemala Guatemala
GNGuineaGuinea Guinea
GWGuinea-BissauGuinea-BissauGuinea-Bissau / Portuguese Guinea
GYGuyanaGuyana Guyana
HTHaitiHaiti Haiti
HMHeard And Mc Donald IslandsHeard-Mcdonald Is. 
HNHondurasHonduras, Honduran Caribbean Is.Honduras
HKHong KongHong KongHong Kong
HUHungaryHungary Hungary
ISIcelandIceland Iceland
INIndiaAndaman Is, Assam, India, Laccadive Is., West Himalaya, Nicobar Is. , Darjiling, SikkimIndia
IDIndonesiaJawa , Maluku , Sulawesi , Sumatera , Irian Jaya, Kalimantan, BaliIndonesia
IRIran (Islamic Republic Of)Iran Iran
IQIraqIraq Iraq
IEIrelandIreland Ireland
ILIsraelIsraelIsrael
ITItalyItaly , Sicilia , SardegnaItaly
JMJamaicaJamaica Jamaica
JPJapanMarcus I. , Japan, Kazan-Retto, Nansei-Shoto , Ogasawara-ShotoJapan
JOJordanJordanJordan
KZKazakhstanKazakhstan Kazakstan
KEKenyaKenyaKenya
KIKiribatiKiribati Line Is., Gilbert Is. , Phoenix Is. Kiribati
KPKorea, Democratic People's Republic OfNorth Korea North Korea
KRKorea, Republic OfSouth KoreaSouth Korea
KWKuwaitKuwaitKuwait
KGKyrgyzstanKirgizstan Kyrghyzstan
LALao People's Democratic RepublicLaosLaos
LVLatviaLatviaLatvia
LBLebanonLebanon Lebanon
LSLesothoLesotho Lesotho
LRLiberiaLiberiaLiberia
LYLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLibya Libya
LILiechtensteinLiechtenstein Liechtenstein
LTLithuaniaLithuania Lithuania
LULuxembourgLuxembourg Luxembourg
MOMacauMacau 
MKMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic OfMacedonia Macedonia
MGMadagascarMadagascar Malagasy Republic
MWMalawiMalawiMalawi
MYMalaysiaPeninsular Malaysia, Sabah, SarawakMalaysia
MVMaldivesMaldives Maldives
MLMaliMali Mali
MTMaltaMaltaMalta
MHMarshall IslandsMarshall Is. Marshall Islands
MQMartiniqueMartinique Martinique
MRMauritaniaMauritania Mauritania
MUMauritiusMauritius, RodriguesMauritius
YTMayotteMayotte 
MXMexicoMexicoMexico
FMMicronesia, Federated States OfMicronesia Federated States Micronesia, Federated States Of
MDMoldova, Republic OfMoldova Moldavia
MCMonacoMonacoMonaco
MNMongoliaMongolia Mongolia
MSMontserratMontserrat 
MAMoroccoMorocco Morocco
MZMozambiqueMozambiqueMozambique
MMMyanmarMyanmar Burma (Myanmar)
NANamibiaNamibia , Caprivi Strip Namibia
NRNauruNauru Nauru
NPNepalNepalNepal
NLNetherlandsNetherlands Netherlands
ANNetherlands AntillesNetherlands Antilles, Netherlands Leeward Is.Netherlands Antilles
NCNew CaledoniaNew Caledonia New Caledonia
NZNew ZealandNew ZealandNew Zealand
NINicaraguaNicaragua , Nicaraguan Caribbean Is.Nicaragua
NENigerNigerNiger
NGNigeriaNigeriaNigeria
NUNiueNiue 
NFNorfolk Island  
MPNorthern Mariana IslandsNorthern Marianas Northern Marianas Islands
NONorwayNorwayNorway
OMOmanOmanOman
PKPakistanPakistan Pakistan
PWPalauPalau Palau
PSPalestinian Territory, Occupied  
PAPanamaPanamaPanama
PGPapua New GuineaBismarck Archipelago, Papua New GuineaPapua New Guinea
PYParaguayParaguay Paraguay
PEPeruPeruPeru
PHPhilippinesPhilippinesPhilippines
PNPitcairnPitcairn Is.  
PLPolandPolandPoland
PTPortugalPortugal, Azores, Madeira , SelvagensPortugal
PRPuerto RicoPuerto Rico, Navassa I.Puerto Rico
QAQatarQatar Qatar
REReunionRéunion, Mozambique Channel Is. Reunion
RORomaniaRomania Romania
RURussian FederationCentral European Russia, East European Russia, North European Russia, Northwest European Russia, South European Russia, North Caucasus, Amur, Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Kuril Is., Magadan, Primorye, Sakhalin, Altay, Buryatiya, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, West Siberia, Yakutiya, KaliningradRussia
RWRwandaRwanda Rwanda
KNSaint Kitts And NevisSt.Kitts-Nevis St. Kitts
LCSaint LuciaSt.Lucia St. Lucia
VCSaint Vincent And The GrenadinesSt.Vincent St. Vincent And The Grenadines
WSSamoaSamoa Western Samoa
SMSan MarinoSan Marino San Marino
STSao Tome And PrincipeSão Tomé, Principe Sao Tomé And Príncipe
SASaudi ArabiaSaudi ArabiaSaudi Arabia
SNSenegalSenegalSenegal
SCSeychellesAldabra, Seychelles Seychelles
SLSierra LeoneSierra Leone Sierra Leone
SGSingaporeSingapore Singapore
SKSlovakia (Slovak Republic)Slovakia (see also Czechoslovakia) Slovakia
SISloveniaSlovenia Slovenia
SBSolomon IslandsSolomon Is. , Santa Cruz Is. Solomon Islands
SOSomaliaSomalia Somalia
ZASouth AfricaCape Provinces, Free State, Kwazulu-Natal , Northern Provinces, Marion-Prince Edward Is.South Africa
GSSouth Georgia And The South Sandwich IslandsSouth Georgia , South Sandwich Is. 
ESSpainSpain, Canary Is., Baleares Canary Islands , Spain
LKSri LankaSri LankaSri Lanka
SHSt. HelenaSt.Helena, Ascension, Tristan Da Cunha 
PMSt. Pierre And MiquelonSt.Pierre-Miquelon St. Pierre Et Miquelon
SDSudanSudan Sudan
SRSurinameSuriname Surinam
SJSvalbard And Jan Mayen IslandsSvalbard 
SZSwazilandSwaziland Swaziland
SESwedenSwedenSweden
CHSwitzerlandSwitzerland Switzerland
SYSyrian Arab RepublicSyriaSyria
TWTaiwanTaiwan  
TJTajikistanTadzhikistanTadzhikistan
TZTanzania, United Republic OfTanzania Tanzania
THThailandThailandThailand
TGTogoTogo Togo
TKTokelauTokelau 
TOTongaTonga Tonga
TTTrinidad And TobagoTrinidad-Tobago Trinidad And Tobago
TNTunisiaTunisia Tunisia
TRTurkeyTurkey , Turkey-In-EuropeTurkey
TMTurkmenistanTurkmenistanTurkmenistan
TCTurks And Caicos IslandsTurks-Caicos Is. 
TVTuvaluTuvaluTuvalu
UGUgandaUganda Uganda
UAUkraineKrym , UkraineUkraine
AEUnited Arab EmiratesUnited Arab EmiratesUnited Arab Emirates
GBUnited KingdomGreat Britain United Kingdom, England, Scotland, Wales
USUnited StatesUnited States of America, Alaska, Aleutian Is., Hawaii United States Of America
UMUnited States Minor Outlying IslandsWake I. , U.S. Line Is., Howland-Baker Is.  
UYUruguayUruguayUruguay
UZUzbekistanUzbekistanUzbekistan
VUVanuatuVanuatu Vanuatu
VAVatican City State (Holy See)Vatican City 
VEVenezuelaVenezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Aves I.Venezuela
VNViet NamVietnam Vietnam
VGVirgin Islands (British)British Virgin Is. Virgin Islands (U.K.)
VIVirgin Islands (U.S.)Virgin Is. Virgin Islands (U.S.)
WFWallis And Futuna IslandsWallis-Futuna Is. Wallis And Futuna Islands
EHWestern SaharaWestern Sahara 
YEYemenSocotra , North Yemen, South YemenYemen , South Yemen
YUYugoslaviaYugoslavia, Kosovo, Montenegro, SerbiaYugoslavia
ZMZambiaZambiaZambia
ZWZimbabweZimbabweZimbabwe

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